Zajonc's (1968) mere exposure hypothesis proposes that repeated exposure to something or. Interpersonal communication skills can be improved through appropriate knowledge, practice, feedback and reflection. … sistant Professor of Communication at Ohio State University. There should be no scope of conflicts and misunderstandings in a relationship. Proximity: how close someone is to you. The third factor of interpersonal attraction is competence. Another factor in interpersonal attraction is Reciprocity, this is the tendency to be attracted to people who like us and tend to be less attracted to those individuals that dislike us. Interpersonal communication is a process of sharing ideas and feelings between individuals. iii. 5 factors of attraction. It is the desire to approach other people. Reinforcement theories of interpersonal attraction have offered the view that cognitive factors are necessary for explaining the complex phenomenon of interpersonal attraction. Overall, various social factors are indeed a determinant of interpersonal attraction, (but most importantly), interpersonal attraction is not based only on one factor, but a various combination, since it merges the biological, cultural and individual factors in order to determine who is attractive. According to the interpersonal attraction principle, social psychologists have identified several major factors that influence interpersonal attraction which is anything that draws two or more people together characterized by affection, respect, liking, or love ("Interpersonal attraction," 2010). Mr. McCain is As. ii. A major interest of psychologists is the study of interpersonal attraction, or what makes people like, and even love, each other. someone is sufficient, by itself, to increase attraction. the physical nearness which is out of your control. The most frequently studied are: physical attractiveness, propinquity, familiarity, similarity, complementarity, reciprocal liking, and reinforcement. Test. Feingold ( 1992 ) found that attractive people are seen as being confidant and societal. Similarity is having some characteristics that are the same attract people. Introductory comments. MARGARET_MURRAY7. Interpersonal attraction. It is distinct from perceptions such as physical attractiveness, and involves views of what is and what is not considered beautiful or attractive. It is a scale in which a subject rates another person on factors such as intelligence, knowledge of current events, morality, adjustment, likability, and desirability as a work partner. There are many reasons why interpersonal attraction may occur. Much of the work has been done in the lab under artificial conditions. Interpersonal attraction (Adapted from Michener et al; Handbook of Social Psychology; Myers; The Social Animal, fifth edition) I. Some Other Factors (not in textbook) Proximity & physical closeness (including "mere exposure"): Individuals who are near one another and cross each others' paths on a regular basis are more likely to be attracted. List of Various Types of Interpersonal Attraction: Physical Attractiveness. In one experiment, participants were shown photos of. Because most of us enter into a close relationship at some point, it is useful to know what psychologists have learned about the principles of liking and loving. Another important situation factor determining attraction is familiarity, the frequency of actual contact with. Another factor in interpersonal attraction is Reciprocity, this is the tendency to be attracted to people who like us and tend to be less attracted to those individuals that dislike us. Each of the four principles of attraction talks about a decisive factor when it comes to identifying another individual as attractive or unattractive. We are attracted by proximity, which refers to how close together people live or work and how often they interact. Read More. Measurement. Interpersonal attraction can be defined as a motivational state in which an indi- vidual is predisposed to think, feel, and usually behave in a positive manner toward another person (Berscheid 1985). TWO REASONS FOR AFFILIATION Social Comparison Social Exchange The theory that The theory that proposes that we evaluate our thoughts and actions by comparing them with those of others. 3. Physical attraction, in peculiar, leads to positive stereotypes, which are defined as the aura consequence. Aronson, E., Willerman, B. and Floyd, J. Write. Many factors leading to interpersonal attraction have been studied, all of which involve social reinforcement [5]. Received 4 January 1984 Revised 12 June 1984 Four Factors In Interpersonal Attraction. The connection between interpersonal attraction and similar attitudes is complex because once two people become friends, they begin to influence each other's attitudes. Lodhi (2014) indicates interpersonal attraction to be a process that can lead to friendships and …show more content… According to the Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology (2009), factors contributing to interpersonal attraction include 'sexual desire, perceived competence, social status, desire to help, and the need for affinity '. Furthermore, what are four factors that influence interpersonal attraction? What is interpersonal attraction? An important factor of interpersonal attraction is physical attractiveness since it has evolutionary value, and physical attractiveness is a sign for potential reproductive success. In social psychology, interpersonal attraction is most-frequently measured using the Interpersonal Attraction Judgment Scale developed by Donn Byrne. 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